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Oliver Twist
Oliver Twist is born a sickly infant in a workhouse. His birth was witnessed by the parish surgeon and a drunk nurse (later known as Old Sally). His mother kisses his forehead and then she dies. Oliver remains at the workhouse for about nine months, until the authorities hear of his "hungry and destitute situation." They send him to a branch-workhouse for juvenile offenders against the poor laws. The overseer, Mrs. Mann, receives enough money for each child's upkeep, but she keeps most of the money and lets the children go hungry. Since she receives an advanced warning of upcoming inspections, her place always appears neat and clean for the inspectors.

On Oliver's ninth birthday, Mr. Bumble, the parish beadle (a minor church official), informs Mrs. Mann that Oliver is too old to stay at her establishment. Since no one has been able to locate his father or discover his mother's identity, it has been decided that he must return to the workhouse. Mrs. Mann asks how the boy came to have any name at all. Mr. Bumble tells her that he keeps a list of names in alphabetical order, naming the orphans from the list as they are born. Mrs. Mann calls for Oliver, and when Mr. Bumble is not looking, she glowers and shakes her fist at Oliver. He stays silent about the miserable conditions at her establishment. Before he departs, Mrs. Mann gives him some bread and butter so that he will not seem too hungry at the workhouse.

Oliver and his young companions suffer the "tortures of slow starvation." After lots are cast , Oliver must ask for more food at supper. His request so shocks his keepers that they offer five pounds to anyone who will take Oliver off the hands of the parish. They lock him in a dark room, taking him out only to wash and eat, and make an example out of him to frighten other daring children.

Mr. Gamfield, a brutish chimney sweep, offers to take Oliver as an apprentice, but because several boys have died under his supervision, the board considers five pounds too large a reward. They settle on just three pounds. Mr. Bumble, Mr. Gamfield, and Oliver appear before a magistrate to seal the bargain. At the last minute, the magistrate notices Oliver's pale, alarmed face. He asks the boy why he looks so terrified. Oliver falls on his knees and begs that he be locked in a room, beaten, killed, or anything besides being apprenticed to Mr. Gamfield. The magistrate refuses to allow the bargain, and the workhouse, again, advertises a reward for the removal of Oliver.

The workhouse board considers sending Oliver out to sea as a cabin boy, expected that he would die quickly in such miserable conditions. However, Mr. Sowerberry, the parish undertaker, takes Oliver on as his apprentice. Mr. Bumble informs Oliver that he will suffer great consequences if he ever complains about his situation. Mrs. Sowerberry remarks that Oliver is rather small. Mr. Bumble assures her that he will grow, but she grumbles that he will grow by eating their food. She serves Oliver the left-overs that the dog has declined to eat. Oliver devours the food as though it were a great feast. After he finishes, Mrs. Sowerberry leads him to his bed, worrying that his appetite seems so large.

The next day, Oliver accompanies Sowerberry to a pauper's burial. The husband of the deceased delivers a tearful outburst against his wife's death by starvation. He says that he once tried to beg for her, but the authorities sent him to prison for the offense. The deceased's mother begs for some bread and a cloak to wear for the funeral. The clergyman performs the service in four minutes. Mr. Bumble hurries the grieving family out of the cemetery, and Mr. Sowerberry takes the cloak away from the dead woman's mother. Oliver decides that he is not very fond of the undertaking business. A measles epidemic arrives, and Oliver gains extensive experience in undertaking. His master dresses him well so that he can march in the processions. Oliver notices that the relatives of dead, wealthy elderly people quickly overcome their grief after the funeral.

Noah becomes very jealous of Oliver's quick advancement. One day, he insults Oliver's dead mother, so Oliver attacks him in a fit of rage. Mrs. Sowerberry and Charlotte, the maid, rush to Noah's aid. The three of them beat Oliver and lock him in the cellar. Noah rushes to fetch Mr. Bumble, sobbing and convulsing so that his injuries appear much worse than they are. Mr. Bumble informs Mrs. Sowerberry that feeding meat to Oliver gives him more spirit than he needs. Still enraged, Oliver kicks at the cellar door. Sowerberry returns home and gives Oliver a good ass-kicking and locks him up again. Oliver's rage dies down and he breaks into tears. Early the next morning, he runs away.

Oliver decides to walk the seventy miles to London. Hunger, cold, and fatigue weaken him over the next seven days. Other than an old woman and a kind turnpike man, many people are cruel to him during his journey. Oliver limps into a small town where he collapses in a doorway. A boy his age noticed and stared at him. The boy, named Jack Dawkins, wears men's clothing and acts much older than his age. He purchases a large lunch for Oliver and informs him that he knows a "gentleman" in London who will put him up for free. Oliver learns that Jack's nickname is "The Artful Dodger." He guesses from the Dodger's appearance that his way of life is immoral. He plans to meet this gentleman in London and then end all association with the Dodger.

That night, Jack takes Oliver to a dirty London neighborhood. At a falling down house, Jack calls out a password, and a man allows them to enter. Jack conducts Oliver into a filthy, black back-room where a "shriveled old Jew" named Fagin and some boys are having supper. The boys smoke pipes and drink liquor although none appear older than the Dodger. Oliver takes a share of the dinner and sinks into a deep sleep.

The next morning, Fagin takes out a box full of jewelry and watches. He notices Oliver observing him. Grabbing a bread knife, he asks Oliver if he had been awake an hour before. Oliver denies it, and Fagin instantly regains his kindly demeanor. The Artful Dodger returns with another boy, named Charley Bates. The Dodger produces two pocket-books, and Charley pulls out four handkerchiefs. Oliver does not know that he has joined a band of pick-pockets, so he believes their sarcastic jokes about teaching him how to make handkerchiefs and pocket-books. Fagin lets Oliver practice taking a handkerchief out of his pocket and gives him a shilling for a job well done. For days, Fagin keeps Oliver indoors practicing the art of pick-pocketing and removing the marks from handkerchiefs. He notices that Fagin punishes the Dodger and Charley if they return home empty-handed. Finally, Fagin sends him out to "work."

After some time, the Dodger notices a wealthy gentleman absorbed in reading a book. Oliver watches with horror as they sneak up behind the man and steal his handkerchief. In a rush, he understands what Fagin's idea of "work" means. The gentleman happens to see Oliver running away and accuses him of the crime. To keep from getting in trouble Dodger and Charley accuse him also. The gentleman is mildly sympathetic towards the boy. Oliver was caught by police and thrown in a jail cell to await his appearance before Mr. Fang, the district magistrate. Oliver faints in the courtroom and Mr. Fang sentences him to 3 months hard labor. Mr. Brownlow, the gentleman, protests that he does not want to press charges. He thinks he recognizes something in Oliver's face, but cannot put his finger on it. So he tells Mr. Fang that two other boys committed the crime. Oliver is cleared of all charges. Pitying the poor, sickly child, Brownlow takes Oliver into a coach with him.

Oliver has a fever for days. When he awakes, Brownlow's kindly housekeeper, Mrs. Bedwin is watching over him. He says that he feels as if his mother had come to sit by him. The story of Oliver's pitiful orphanhood brings tears to her eyes. Once he is strong enough to sit in a chair, Mrs. Bedwin carries him downstairs to her room. A portrait of a young woman catches Oliver's eye. Mr. Brownlow drops in to see how Oliver is doing. Tears come to his eyes when Oliver tries to stand, but collapses from weakness. Oliver thanks him for his kindness. Brownlow exclaims with astonishment that Oliver closely resembles the portrait of the young lady and the excitement causes him to faint.

Fagin is angry when Oliver doesn t return and becomes worried that he might tell the police about their operation. They intend to find him, so they send Nancy to the police station to find out what happened. She pretends to be Oliver s sister and learns that the gentleman took Oliver and was from Pentonville. Fagin sends Charley, Dodger and Nancy to find Oliver and he relocates.

When Oliver next enters the housekeeper's room he notices that the portrait is gone. Mrs. Bedwin states that Brownlow removed it because it seemed to "worry" him. Oliver asks no more questions. One day, Brownlow sends for Oliver to meet him in his study. Thinking that Brownlow means to send him away, Oliver begs to remain as a servant. Brownlow assures him that he means to be his friend. He asks Oliver to tell him his history. Before Oliver can begin, Brownlow's friend, Mr. Grimwig, arrives to visit.

Grimwig, a crusty old fellow, hints that Oliver might be a boy of bad habits and idle ways. Mrs. Bedwin brings in a parcel of books delivered by the newsstand keeper's boy. Brownlow tells her to stop the boy because he wants to send his payment and some books back with him. However, the boy has disappeared from sight. Grimwig suggests that he send Oliver, but hints that he might steal the payment and the books. Wishing to prove Grimwig wrong, Brownlow sends Oliver on the errand. Oliver accidentally took a wrong turn on the way to the bookstall(newsstand). Suddenly Nancy jumps out of nowhere and Bill Sikes runs out of a beer shop and they drag him through the dark, narrow back streets.

They take Oliver to Fagin. He tries to escape, calling for help, but Sikes threatens to set his vicious dog, Bulls-Eye, on him. Nancy comes to Oliver's defense, saying that they have ruined all his good prospects, because she has worked for Fagin since she was a small child, and she knows that cold, dark streets lay ahead for Oliver. Fagin tries to beat Oliver for his escape attempt, and Nancy jumps at Fagin in a rage. Sikes catches her by the wrists, and she faints. They strip Oliver of his clothing, Brownlow's money, and the books. Fagin returns his old clothing to him and sends him to bed. Mr. Brownlow publishes an advertisement offering a reward of five guineas for information about Oliver's whereabouts or his past. Mr. Bumble notices it in the paper while traveling to London. He quickly goes to Brownlow's home and states that, since birth, Oliver had been trouble. Brownlow decides Oliver is nothing but an impostor, but Mrs. Bedwin refused to believe it.

Fagin locks Oliver up for days and plans to until the boy desires any human contact, even that of Fagin s. He begins to win Oliver over to his lifestyle. Next, Sikes plans to rob a house, but he needs a small boy for the job. Fagin offers Oliver for the work. Sikes warns that he will kill Oliver if he hesitates during the robbery. Sikes arranges to have Nancy deliver Oliver to the scene. Fagin watches Nancy for any signs of betrayal. Oliver considers calling for help on the streets. Reading his thoughts on his face, Nancy warns him that he could get both of them into deep trouble. They arrive and Sikes shows Oliver a pistol. He warns Oliver that if he causes any trouble, he will kill him. Sikes takes Oliver on a long journey to the town of Shepperton. Sikes leads him to a decaying house where his partners-in-crime, Toby Crackit and Barney, are waiting. At half past one, they set out with Oliver. They arrive at the targeted house and climb over the wall surrounding it. Oliver begs Sikes to let him go. Sikes curses and is going to shoot him, but Crackit knocks the pistol away, saying that gunfire will draw attention. Sikes pries open a tiny window and instructs Oliver to take a lantern and open the door to let them inside, reminding him that he is within shooting range all the while. Oliver plans to dash for the stairs and warn the family. Sikes lowers him through the window, but the residents of the house awake and one shoots Oliver. Sikes pulls him back through the window and they all flee.

At the workhouse, Mr. Bumble visits Mrs. Corney, the investor of the establishment, to deliver some wine for the infirmary. They flirt while he slowly moves his chair closer to hers, and he plants a kiss on her lips. A woman interrupts them to report that Old Sally is close to death, and wishes to tell Mrs. Corney something before she dies. Irritated at the interruption, Mrs. Corney leaves Bumble alone in her room.

Mrs. Corney enters Old Sally's room. The dying woman confesses that she once found a woman on the road close to childbirth. She had a gold locket that she gave to Old Sally for safe-keeping. She said that if her child lived, the locket might lead to some people who would care for her child. The child's name was Oliver, she said. Sally shudders and dies. Mrs. Corney steps out of the room and tells the nurses who attended Sally that she had nothing to say, after all.

Fagin has learned from the newspapers that the robbery has failed. Crackit informs Fagin that Oliver was shot during the attempted break-in. He reports that people in the area surrounding the targeted house then chased after them, so he and Sikes fled, leaving Oliver lying in a ditch. Fagin rushes out to a bar to look for a man named Monks. Not finding him, he hurries to Sikes' place, where Nancy is in a drunken dream. She says that Sikes is hiding. He tells Nancy of the news of Oliver and Nancy cries that she wishes that Oliver is dead because living like Fagin is worse. Fagin replies that Oliver is worth hundreds of pounds to him . He returns to his house to find Monks waiting for him. Monks asks why he sent Oliver out on such a mission rather than making the boy into a simple pickpocket. Fagin replies that Oliver was not easily enticed into the profession, so he needed a crime with which to frighten him.

Mrs. Corney returns to her room in a flustered state, and she and Mr. Bumble drink spiked peppermint together. They flirt and kiss. Bumble mentions that Mr. Slout, the master of the workhouse, is on his deathbed. He hints that he could fill the vacancy and marry her. Bumble goes to tell Sowerberry that his services will be needed for Old Sally. He stumbles upon Charlotte feeding Noah oysters in the kitchen. When Noah tells Charlotte he wants to kiss her, Bumble thunders in to preach against their immoral ways.

The night after the failed robbery, Oliver awakes in a delirium. He stumbles to the very same house Sikes intended to rob. Inside, Mr. Giles and Mr. Brittles, two of the servants, amuse the other servants with the details of the night's events. They present themselves as courageous heroes although they had been terrified. Oliver's feeble knock at the door frightens everyone. They gather around to find Oliver lying there. They recall that Oliver is one of the thieves and drag him inside. The niece of the wealthy mistress of the mansion calls downstairs to ask if the poor creature is badly wounded, and sends for a doctor and constable while Giles carries Oliver upstairs.

Mrs. Maylie, the mistress of the house, is a kind old-fashioned elderly woman. Her niece, Miss Rose, is a beauty at seventeen years old. Mr. Losberne, the weird surgeon, arrives in a fluster, stating his surprise that neither woman is dead of fright at having a burglar in their house. He attends to Oliver for a long while before asking the women if they have actually seen the thief. Giles has enjoyed the praise for his bravery, so he does not want to tell them that the burglar is such a small boy. The ladies accompany the surgeon to see Oliver for the first time. Upon seeing Oliver, Miss Rose exclaims that he cannot possibly be a burglar unless he was forced into it by older, evil men. She begs her aunt not to send the child to prison, and Mrs. Maylie replies that she doesn t intend to. They wait all day for Oliver to awake in order to determine whether he is a "bad one" or not. Oliver tells them all his life history that evening, bringing tears to the eyes of his audience. Meanwhile, the Bow Street Officers, summoned by Brittles earlier that morning, arrive to assess the situation.

Duff and Blathers, the police officers, examine the crime scene while the surgeon and the women try to think of a way to cover-up Oliver's part in the crime. The officers determine that two men and a boy were involved judging from the footprints and the size of the window. Mr. Losberne tells them that Giles merely mistook Oliver for the guilty party. He tells them that Oliver was wounded accidentally by a spring-gun while trespassing on a neighbor's property. Giles and Brittles state that they cannot swear that he is the boy they saw that night, so the officers leave and the matter is settled.

Over a couple of weeks, Oliver slowly begins to recover. He begs for some way to repay these kind people, and they tell him he can do so after he recovers. He regrets not being able to tell Brownlow and Mrs. Bedwin what has happened to him, so Mr. Losberne takes Oliver to London to see them. To Oliver's disappointment, they discover that Brownlow, Mrs. Bedwin, and Mr. Grimwig had moved to the West Indies. Mrs. Maylie and Miss Rose decide to take him to there where his health improves greatly, as do his reading and writing. He and the ladies become greatly attached over the three months they spend there.

Without warning, Miss Rose falls ill with a serious fever. Mrs. Maylie sends Oliver to take a letter requesting Losberne's help to an inn where it can be sent out immediately. Oliver runs the whole four miles to the inn. On his return, he stumbles into a tall man wrapped in a cloak. The man curses Oliver, asks what he is doing there, and then falls violently to the ground, "writhing and foaming." Oliver sees that the man has help before he returns home and forgets the incident entirely. Miss Rose worsens rapidly. Losberne arrives and examines her. He states there is little hope for her recovery. However, Miss Rose draws back from near death.

Giles and Harry Maylie, Mrs. Maylie's son, arrive to see Miss Rose. Harry is angry that his mother has not written him sooner. Apparently Harry loves Rose, but Mrs. Maylie says that he is not dedicated enough. Harry declares that his love for Miss Rose is solid and lasting. One day Oliver falls asleep reading by a window. He has a nightmare that Fagin and a man are pointing at him and whispering, and Fagin says, "It is he, sure enough!" Oliver awakes to see Fagin and the man in the cloak looking though the window at him. They disappear rapidly when Oliver calls for help. Harry and Giles rush to Oliver's aid. Upon hearing about Fagin and the man, they search around the house, but they find no trace of them. They spread a description of Fagin to the surrounding neighborhoods, but find no clues to his whereabouts. Harry declares his love to Rose. Although she returns his love, she says she cannot marry because she was born poorer than he was and she doesn t want to weight down his ambitions. Harry says that he will still keep after her, but if she still holds to answer he will not mention it again. Before he and Losberne depart, Harry asks that Oliver secretly write him a letter every two weeks. He asks Oliver to tell him everything he and the ladies do and say to one another. Crying with grief and sorrow, Rose watches the coach with Harry and Losberne inside until it s out of sight.

By now Mr. Bumble has married Mrs. Corney and becomes the master of the workhouse. He regrets giving up his position as beadle, and he regrets giving up his situation as a single man even more. After a morning of bickering with his wife, he stops in a bar for a drink. A man in a dark cape is there, and he recognizes Mr. Bumble as the former beadle. He bribes Mr. Bumble for information leading to Old Sally, and Mr. Bumble informs him that Old Sally is dead, but he mentions that he knows the woman who attended the old woman's deathbed. The man asks that Mr. Bumble bring this woman to see him the following evening. He gives his name as Monks.

The next night, during a storm, Mr. Bumble and his wife travel to a ruff section of town near a swollen river to meet Monks in a decaying building. While Mr. Bumble shivers in fear, Mrs. Bumble coolly bargains with Monks for the price of her information. They settle on a price of twenty-five gold pounds. Mrs. Bumble relates the information of Old Sally and Oliver's mother. She hands the locket to Monks. Inside, he finds a wedding ring and two locks of hair. The name "Agnes" is engraved on the ring along with a blank for the last name. A date that is less than a year before Oliver's birth follows it. Monks ties the locket to a lead weight and drops it into the swirling river.

Bill Sikes is ill with a terrible fever. Nancy nurses him anxiously even though he is mean and abusive toward her. Fagin and his crew drop in to deliver some wine and food. Sikes demands that Fagin give him some money. Nancy and Fagin go to Fagin's place where Fagin is about to get money for Sikes when Monks arrives and asks to speak to Fagin alone. Fagin takes his visitor to an empty room, but Nancy secretly follows and eavesdrops. Monks departs and Fagin gives Nancy the money. Nancy, disturbed by what she has heard, runs in the opposite direction of Sikes' house, but she later decides to return and deliver the money to Sikes. Sikes doesn t notice her nervous attitude until a few days later. Sensing something was wrong, he demands that Nancy tell him. Soon after he sinks into sleep, and Nancy hurries to a hotel in a wealthy section of town, where she begs the servants to allow her to speak with Miss Maylie, who is staying there. Nancy confesses that she was the one who kidnapped Oliver on his errand for Mr. Brownlow. She relates that she overheard Monks tell Fagin that Oliver is Monks older brother. Monks wants Oliver's identity to remain unknown forever so that he can t claim any of the inheritance money that Oliver doesn t yet know about. He said that he would kill Oliver if knew he could do so without endangering himself. He has also promised to pay a reward to Fagin if Oliver were ever recovered. Miss Rose begs Nancy to accept her help in leaving them and her life of crime behind. Nancy replies that she cannot because she is drawn back to Sikes even with his abusive ways. Before leaving, Nancy informs Miss Rose that she can be found on London Bridge between eleven and twelve every Sunday night in case Miss Rose should need her.

Oliver rushes in to tell Miss Rose that he saw Mr. Brownlow going into a house, so Miss Rose immediately takes Oliver to see his old friend. She meets Mr. Brownlow in his parlor while Mr. Grimwig is visiting. Miss Rose tells him that Oliver has wanted to see him and thank him for his kind help two years ago. Once they are alone, she tells him of Nancy's strange story. Oliver is brought in to see Brownlow and Mrs. Bedwin. After their happy reunion, Brownlow and Miss Rose relay Nancy's information to Mrs. Maylie and Losberne. Brownlow asks if he can include Grimwig in the matter and Losberne agrees on the condition that they include Harry. They agree to keep everything a secret from Oliver and decide to contact Nancy the following Sunday on London Bridge.

Noah Claypole and Charlotte flee to London after robbing Mr. Sowerberry. They take a room in an inn, where they meet Fagin (this guy must really get around!) and Barney. Fagin invites Noah to join in the thieving trade. He gives him the assignment of robbing children running errands for their mothers. After meeting Fagin at his home, Noah learns that Fagin's best pick-pocket, the Artful Dodger, has been arrested for stealing a handkerchief. Noah's first job is to go to the police station to watch the Dodger's appearance before the magistrate. The Dodger is convicted of the crime and Noah hurries back to tell Fagin the news.

Fagin and Sikes are talking when Nancy tries to leave at eleven on Sunday to go to London Bridge. Out of stubbornness, Sikes refuses to let her go. He drags her into another room and restrains her struggles for an hour. When he departs, Fagin asks that Nancy light his way downstairs with a candle. He whispers to her that he will help her leave the brute Sikes if she wants. Fagin thought that Nancy had wanted to meet a new lover that night and he hoped to bring her new love into the thieving trade with her help, but he also hopes to get Nancy to poison Sikes to death. He plans to watch her in order to discover the identity of her new love because he hopes to blackmail Nancy into re-joining his crew with this information. Fagin tells Noah he will pay him a pound to follow Nancy around the next Sunday and find out where she goes and to whom she speaks.

Nancy meets Mr. Brownlow and Miss Rose. Noah listens as Nancy begs them to promise that none of her friends get into trouble because of her choice to help Oliver. They agree, and Nancy tells them when they will most likely see Monks visiting Fagin. They hope to catch Monks and force the truth of Oliver's history from him. Nancy's description of Monks startles them. Miss Rose realizes that Monks is the same man who, with Fagin, had startled Oliver awake by watching him through the window at the country cottage. They offer to help Nancy because of her kindness, but she refuses, saying that she is chained to her life . They leave, and Noah runs as fast as he can to Fagin's house.

When Sikes delivers some stolen goods to Fagin that night, Fagin and Noah tell him the details of Nancy's trip to London bridge. In a rage, Sikes rushes home and beats Nancy to death while she begs for mercy. In the morning, he flees London. He stops at an inn to eat. Seeing a blood-stain on Sikes's hat, but not recognizing it for what really was, a salesman grabs it to demonstrate the quality of his stain-remover. Sikes grabs it back and flees the inn. He wanders the road, hallucinating that Nancy's ghost is following him. Sikes finally decides to return to London and hide. However, he knows that his dog, Bulls-Eye, will give him away because everyone knows it follows him everywhere, so he tries to drown the dog, but it escapes. Meanwhile, Mr. Brownlow has captured Monks, whose real name is Edward Leeford. It turns out Brownlow was a good friend of his father, Mr. Leeford, who was a young man when his family forced him to marry a woman ten years older than he was. The couple eventually separated, and Monks and his mother moved to Paris. Mr. Leeford fell in love with a military man's daughter who became pregnant with Oliver. The relative who had benefited most from Leeford's forced marriage felt sorry and left him a fortune. Leeford left a portrait of Oliver s mother in Brownlow's care while he went to inherit his fortune. His wife, hearing of his new fortune, traveled with Monks to meet him there. However, Leeford became ill and died without a will, so his newfound fortune fell to his ex-wife and Monk. Leeford's wife and son then lived in the West Indies on their ill-gotten fortune--which is where Brownlow went to find Monks after Oliver was kidnapped, Oliver's startling resemblance to the woman in the portrait (his mother), having bothered his conscience too much. Meanwhile, the search for Sikes continues.

Fagin and Noah are captured, so Crackit flees to Jacob s Island. They find Sikes' dog waiting for them in the house that serves as their hiding place. Sikes follows soon thereafter. Charley Bates arrives and attacks Sikes, calling for the others to help him. An angry mob arrived demanding justice, so Sikes climbed onto the roof with a rope with the intent of lowering himself to escape. He imagined that Nancy's ghost is after him and he slipped and the rope catches around his neck, and he is accidentally hung to death.

Oliver and his friends travel to the town of his birth, with Monks, to meet Mr. Grimwig. There, Monks reveals that he and his mother found a letter and a will after his father's death, both of which they destroyed. The letter was addressed to Agnes Fleming, Oliver's mother. The will stated that if his illegitimate child was born a girl, it was to inherit the estate unconditionally. If it was born a boy, it was to inherit the estate only if it committed no illegal act. Otherwise, Monks and his mother were to receive the fortune. Upon learning of his daughter's shame, Agnes' father fled and changed his family's name, and her father died soon thereafter of a broken heart. His other small daughter was taken in by a poor couple who died in their own time. Mrs. Maylie took pity on the little girl and raised her as her niece. That child is Miss Rose. Mr. Bumble and Mrs. Bumble (the former Mrs. Corney) are forced to confess their part in concealing Oliver's history, and Mr. Grimwig takes measure to ensure they never hold public office again. Harry gives up his political ambitions, becomes a clergyman, and persuades Rose to marry him.

Fagin is sentenced to death by hanging for being an accomplice to murder. Noah receives a pardon for his testimony against Fagin. Charley eventually turns to an honest life. Brownlow arranges for the remains of Monks' property to be sold and everything be divided between Monks and Oliver. Monks travels to the New World where he wastes his share, turns to crime, is arrested and dies in prison. Brownlow adopts Oliver as his son.
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