Writing Services


A+ Writing Service

Custom Essay Writing Services Custom Essay Writing Services

Custom Essay Writing Services
Australia
Australia
The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines. Australia’s Aboriginal people were thought to have arrived here by boat from South East Asia during the last Ice Age, at least 50,000 years ago. At the time of European discovery and settlement, up to one million Aboriginal people lived across the continent as hunters and gatherers. They were scattered in 300 clans and spoke 250 languages and 700 dialects. Each clan had a spiritual connection with a specific piece of land. However, they also traveled widely to trade, find water and seasonal produce and for ritual and totemic gatherings.
Despite the diversity of their homelands from outback deserts and tropical rainforests to snow-capped mountains; all Aboriginal people share a belief in the timeless, magical realm of the Dreamtime. According to Aboriginal myth, totemic spirit ancestors forged all aspects of life during the Dreamtime of the world’s creation. These spirit ancestors continue to connect natural phenomena, as well as past, present and future through every aspect of Aboriginal culture.
Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish ships sighted Australia in the 17th century. The Dutch landed at the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606. In 1616 the territory became known as New Holland. The British arrived in 1688, but it was not until Captain James Cook's voyage in 1770 that Great Britain claimed possession of the vast island, calling it New South Wales. A British penal colony was set up at Port Jackson (what is now Sydney) in 1788, and about 161,000 transported English convicts were settled there until the system was suspended in 1839.
Free settlers and former prisoners established six colonies: New South Wales (1786), Tasmania (1825), Western Australia (1829), South Australia (1834), Victoria (1851), and Queensland (1859). Various gold rushes attracted settlers, as did the mining of other minerals. Sheep farming and grain soon grew into important economic enterprises. The six colonies became states and in 1901 federated into the Commonwealth of Australia with a constitution that incorporated British parliamentary and U.S. federal traditions. Australia became known for its liberal legislation.

Australia is the only country in the world that covers an entire continent. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. Although it is rich in natural resources and has a lot of fertile land, more than one-third of Australia is desert. Most Australian cities and farm lands are located in the southwest and southeast, where the climate is more comfortable. There are dense rain forests in the northeast. The famous outback contains the county’s largest deserts, where there are scorching temperatures, little water, and almost no vegetation. Running around the eastern and southeastern edge of Australia is the Great Dividing Range. This 2,300

http://www.oppapers.com/essays/Australia/463175