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Essay on Indus Valley Civilization
The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the first civilizations in the world. It was located in the southwest part of present day India along the Indus River. This civilization started around 2500 BC the same time as the Mesopotamia s, Egyptians, and the Chinese. The area known as Mesopotamia was thought to be the origin of humanity, but now we think that the Indus Valley people were just as old.

The people of the Indus Valley Civilization were a very advance group of people for their time. The were especially strong in the area s of mathematics and astronomy. They used their findings in math to help them when searching the stars. The people developed the beginnings of geometry and algebra. They created the idea of zero and the decimal system. They were the first people to use notation by tens. Even the Arabs called math the Indian Art. The monasteries became Universities with large libraries used to study astronomy and mathematics. We still use all of these ideas in our math classes today. The Indus Valley Civilization created a system of weights and measures used to measure gold and other possessions of the ancient world. The people even created indoor bathrooms. The toilets had brick seats and pipes that emptied into a main drain. The drains emptied into a complex sewer system. They were the first people to have a democratic governing body of state. The Indus valley civilization were the first people to grow cotton and make cotton cloth. The Indus Valley Civilization was ahead of it s time.

In the Indus Valley the people did an enormous amount of trading. They traded with Egypt, China, and the Romans. They imported and exported spices, exotic animals, jewelry, perfumes, textiles, and much more. The Indians received cargoes of animals and spices. They sailed to the Indian Ocean for spices.

The people living in India were very religious. Buddhism came in the sixth century. It appealed to many who suffered from inequality of the Caste System. This marked a profound break with Hindu beliefs. Buddha means The Enlightened One. There are four noble truths to the Buddhist. They are: Sorrow, Suffering from constantly wanting, Way to escape suffering by reaching stage of not wanting, and the Path to Enlightenment.

A major source of entertainment for the Indians was festivals. Festivals brought a sense of pageantry. They would never miss a single occasion, for it brings glamour to their lives. There are many great festivals such as The Great Cart in Puri. It s a religious devotion and a sacred place of Pilgrimage in Orissa State or Divali. The festival of lights marks Hindu New Year. The Bengal Festival is the most elaborate. They have what is called Purga Puja, which is Kali dances. Holi is a lighthearted festival in the spring. It s an occasion for practical jokes, and is fixed according to the Lunar Calendar.

The villages with brick homes were for the rich, while the less wealthy lived in muddy straw huts. The village homes consisted of one or two rooms and mud floors. The houses had brass pots for cooking, string cots for sleeping, and clay pots for caring water. Two of the major cities in the Indus Valley Civilization were the cities Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Both of these cities existed around 2500 BC along the Indus River. The cities were carefully planned with wide streets and square buildings for exactly one square mile. The homes were square and had no windows facing the street. In the center of the cities there was a central fortress used for storage and as an assembly hall. It also had public bathes. The sewer systems were also connected to these baths. At the edge of the cities there were large ovens used in baking. After a thousand years of prosperity the Indus Valley Civilization began to decline. The Aryans took over and they built no cites because they were just wandering nomads.

The people of the Indus Valley were great architects. There are many buildings and statues depicting religious figures such as Buddha. The most famous landmarks of all were in Agrah. In Agrah hundreds and hundreds of feet tall stands the Tah Mahal. Shan Jahan built the Tah Mahal for his wife who died. Her name was Mumtaz Mahal. The Tah Mahal is actually a tome for the two. They were both buried under the surface.

The development of a form of writing in the Indus River Valley grew very slowly. The Indus River Valley is a triangular peninsula of South Asia, therefore many people come...
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Indus Valley Civilization. EssayMania.com. Retrieved on 12 Oct, 2010 from