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How to Cite a Paper – Your Entire Research Paper Depends on How Correctly you Cite and Refer
How to Cite a Paper – Your Entire Research Paper Depends on How Correctly you Cite and Refer
How to Cite a Paper – An Important Parameter of Essay Writing

How to cite a paper? A very important question while doing essay writing, term paper writing or research paper writing. In fact any sort of writing demands that the writer knows the correct essay format and the associated pattern of referencing. Any good research work will involve in-depth study and investigation on the chosen topic. A thorough research work will give evidence and direct quotations from other related works to support one’s line of argument and prove one’s stand on the stated thesis statement. Absence of such evidence will only show that the topic has not been researched well. So it becomes imperative for the writer to collect as much related data as possible and give direct citations when necessary. Direct citations make it compulsory to give references at the last page of the essay to avoid charges of plagiarism. There are certain set and standard patterns to give citations that vary according to the paper format (MLA/APA/Chicago/Harvard).

In the MLA format the citations may come from books, journals, newspapers and the Internet. The general format is as follows:

In case of book reference – Surname of the author. Name of the book. Date of publishing. Name of the publishing company. The page numbers from where the quotations were taken.

In case of journal reference – Author. Name of the article. Name of the journal. Date of publishing. Pages.

In case of net reference – Site name. Date of publishing. Name of the affiliated university or organization. Date when you visited the site and the full link of the site.

In-text citations are also very important and the author’s name and the page number from which the quotation or idea is taken are immediately given after the quotation. Endnotes, if any, should be written

APA formatting guidelines:

In case of book reference – The last name of the author, initials of the first name of the author (year of publication). Name of the book. City or location. Name of the publisher.

In case of journals – The last name of author, initials of the first name of the author (year). Name of the article. Name of the journal. Volume number. Pages.

In case of net reference – The last name of author, initials of the first name of the author (year). Name of the article. Name of the online journal. Retrieved on date from. Full link of the site.

In-text–citations are also important and in this case the last name of the author and the year of publication are given.

In the Chicago format there are two types. One which is followed for history and humanities is the old style and is known as “notes and bibliography”. In this case the bibliography is given along with the notes and maybe a part of the essay or at the end of the article in a group form. The first line of each note is indented two spaces. At the end of the essay another bibliography which contains the name of each work cited and also works which were used as references but not cited. The new one is known as the “author date” style and is generally used in science. Here the in-text citation contains the name of the author and the date of publishing and at the end the bibliography gives the details as in the older format.

The Harvard format is followed by the University of Bournemouth in Britain. Here the in-text citation consists of the author’s name and date of publication. Where the date of publication is not known it is referred as ‘n.d.’ and where the author is not known it is ‘anon’. The details of citations are given at the end page under bibliography. In case of a book it is cited as follows: author, year of publication, name of the book, edition, volume, place and name of the publisher. In case of journals it is: name of the author, year of publication, name of the article, name of the journal, volume, page numbers.
For electronic sources all details are the same as in books and journals except that it will contain the URL and the date when you accessed the link.

How to cite a paper is one of the most important aspects of academic essay writing. Without proper citations and references a paper is not only incomplete but also will carry serious charges of plagiarism which in the field of writing is a serious offense akin to committing a crime. So one has to be very, very careful while citing references. How to cite a paper is one bitter pill all writers must swallow to avoid unpleasant situations. It would be advisable to browse though our sample essays and essay examples to check and find out how citations are done. If you are still not confident enough, then you can place an order at Essay-911.com and leave all his worries behind.

This post originally appeared on http://essaywritingblog.com/essay-formats/how-to-cite-a-paper